Innovative Ideas For Successful        Crop Production

                Flow-Shields work equally well on cultivators for all row widths. Use one Flow-Shield on the first shank on each side of the row for 38in,36in and 30in rows. While Only two Flow-Shields per row are required on 30in and wide row cultivators, adding a Flow-Shield to each of the cultivator shanks in the middle of the row will break up any large clumps of soil dug up there reducing the amount of dirt in the tank combining beans. Only one Flow-Shield is required per row for ultra-narrow 20in,15in &12in rows using a single shank per row.(plus one extra Flow-Shield for the extra cultivator shank on the end.

Flow-Shields cost only 10 dollars each. Determine whether you want to just use 2 per row for controlling the soil flow into the row for covering the weeds or you want to have a Flow-Shield on every shank in-between the rows to break up any larger dirt clumps in damper soils to reduce dirt in the combine for beans.

Flow-Shields can be ordered on the 'Products' page with any credit card, and you can now order direct any number of Flow-Shields you want using check or money order. Add 18 dollars for Shipping and Handling.               Send check or money order to:

Profit Organics                                          P.O. Box 141                                               Viroqua Wisconsin 54665

For any additional information on ordering, call 608-606-0810

Introducing the Cultivator               FLOW-SHIELD!

Learn how to easily control weeds in your crops by making one easy modification to your cultivator.     

Total weed control success begins with the proper approach to tillage and rotary hoeing using the equipment you already have in the best 'sequence of use' and 'pattern of use'.    This is explained fully on the 'Tillage' page under 'Reverse Tillage' Instead of doing 'Primary Tillage'(plowing or chisel plowing) first and then 'Secondary Tillage'(disking or field cultivating) and 'Finishing'(dragging for a smooth seedbed)last, The benefits of 'Reverse Tillage' destroys  growing weeds or grass immediately and blends the previous years crop residue into the soil evenly for quick decomposition by the bacterial life in the soil.

The most effective Rotary hoeing is accomplished by driving at a 45 degree angle to the direction the rows were  planted and the opposite 45 degree angle on the second pass. This method GUARANTEES that you reduce the amount of weeds growing BETWEEN each corn or bean plant IN the row. The 3rd pass hoeing at 2 inch plant height is recommended to drive approximately at a 20 degree angle to the row for the same benefit and a optional 4th pass hoeing you can drive at the opposite 20 degree angle(preferred) or drive with the planted  row direction giving 4 different directions for the hoe tines to disturb the weeds. It is also recommended to reverse the hoe wheels running them BACKWARDS to the typical method of use. This prevents digging up any corn or bean seed and only disturbs the weed seeds and young weed root growth near the surface killing them. There is also more on this on the 'Rotary Hoe' Page.

The soybeans here were neither tine weeded or rotary hoed. The Flow-Shields were set low on the shank and the beans were cultivated at high speed. The faster the dirt comes up into the Flow-Shield the faster it must exit, resulting in a thin consistent stream of dirt blown in under the soybean plants from each side similar to 'snow blown out from 2 snow blower spouts'. The beans on the lower side of this field were flooded and thus silted over all of the small weeds leaving perfect clean beans, but the soil surface was as smooth as a concrete floor and hard enough that only a slight footprint design was left from walking on what felt like walking on a road. Cultivating fast using Flow-Shields broke up the soil into a nice mellow flat surface, eliminating any clumps that would have been big enough to remain as a dirt pile that would have ended up in the combine tank.
Solutions to your weed control issues. The corn pictured in these 3 photos was tine weeded at about 50% emergence and because the rotary hoe was borrowed out for several days, the opportunity to rotary hoe was missed.
The faster you drive the better the Flow-Shields perform by shattering the dirt clumps coming up from the shovel under the Flow-Shield, directing the flow of dirt directly onto the weeds between the corn plants. The Flow-Shields on this 8 row  20-in cultivator were adjusted up on the shank to about 1/2 the height of the corn directing the flow and force of the soil towards the bottom part of the corn plant .  The bottom part of the corn stalk can easily resist the force of the soil flow and the  weeds and grass are knocked down flat and covered with dirt.

Higher Yields

For both conventional and organic farmers, Yield is ultimately determined by the success of your weed control program.

Equidistant 'Solid Seeded Corn' At any given desired plant population, equal distant spacing between all the plants holds the greatest possibilities for both Maximum Yield & Optimum Weed Control.

The pictures below are of 12 inch rows planted on 50 acres of Certified Organic corn that was rotary hoed one time prior to emergence and not cultivated.

A successful weed control program allows every farmer to achieve the maximum yield that available fertility, hybrid selection and population can deliver.

Three factors have a major impact on the yield in a weed free field.

Availability of water, nutrients & sunlight. Wider row widths crowd plants closer together forcing them to compete for each of these three things.

Narrower rows can double or more the distance between each plant accelerating early season growth establishing a strong viable plant for quick canopy and effective weed control.

12 inch row corn.
Planted June 20th 2013 (due to wet weather delays) at 40,500 population. This picture taken in the last week of September 2013

This part of the field was only rotary hoed one time 1 to 2 days pre-emergence under very wet soil conditions with the hoe wheels running backwards to the normal method of use. This prevents the spoons from digging out any kernels . This method of using the hoe wheels in reverse allows deeper soil penetration disturbing the soil surface destroying sprouting weed seeds with minimal or no corn kernel disturbance.

Planted June 20th 2013. Rotary Hoe time just prior to emergence, not cultivated. The 12 inch rows canopy quickly and shade out the weeds. This is certified Organic Corn.

This picture is the upper side of the field of the above picture. Same good results throughout the field.

12 inch corn. This is the flat lower portion of the farm that was not rotary hoed pre-emergence. This part of the field was rotary hoed, one time after emergence at the second corn leaf stage and the weeds were about one inch tall. This area was cultivated one time at  the 4-6 leaf stage using FLOW-SHIELDS on the cultivator shanks.  The area that was left uncultivated had a few weeds but the corn quickly canopied slowing the small weeds growth to a standstill the same as when an oats crop canopies early and stops weed growth.  

 

Results from these test plots from 2013 and all test plots and field experiments for 2014 will be available to all subscribers to Profit Organics for the one time access price of only 25 Dollars. 

Plans for 2014 are to replicate field size duplicate demonstration plots on both organic farms and conventional farms using each farmers different approach to fertility on the exact same hybrids.

Duplication of both experiments and demonstrations of what we have already learned will help each farmer to increase net profits after consideration of costs of production, for seed , fertility, and equipment costs .

Plant Density Research Plots.                                                                    There are four experiments represented here. It was observed in the last days of July that the 12 inch corn in the field could possibly be planted at higher populations because of so much room between the plants. A decision was made to plant these test plots on August 3rd 2013 and erect a greenhouse over it to extend the growing season as long as possible. The question was , ' How much population is too much population?'
On the left, corn was planted in three,10x10 foot sq. plots on equidistant spacing of  12x12 inch, 11x11 inch and 10x10 inch rows. Each plot  was hand planted and every other row was offset 6", 5 1/2" and 5" respectively to create a perfect diamond shaped planting pattern. On the right, corn was planted in 'stress wheel' rows using a 50 foot diameter model with the radius resulting in a 25 foot long row spaced 40 inches wide on the outside edge. Different from the typical approach of planting a Stress-Wheel with seeds planted approximately 6 inches apart the entire length of the row, the rows were planted with a varying distance between each plant as the rows narrowed from 40 inches wide down to 30, 20, 15,and 12 wide rows. Spacing in the row started out approximately 5 inches apart on the 40 inch row to represent 30,000 pop /about 6" for 34,000 pop on 30"rows/  about 8 inches for 36,000 pop on 20"rows / 9 1/2" on 15" rows for 38,000 pop / and 12" on 12inch rows for 43,560 pop.Each plant in the entire plot is numbered to assess that plant's individual yield potential per plant x the corresponding population on a per acre basis. Wind destroyed the greenhouse when the ears had only developed to about 1 inch to 5 inches in length. Each plant was harvested by hand and weighed and the number of ears were counted on each plant and the developing kernels counted on each ear not including tip or butt kernels to gain some insight as to the potential of corn yields at the different populations and spacing in the row compared to equidistant spacing.


Research and Demonstration; By Farmers, For Farmers

Bulletin Board
 :

         Location of Research and Demonstration farm.

         Chenoweth Lane, Blair Wisconsin

         1/2 mile south of the Rainbow Cafe on US Highway 53

                Coming Soon: photos and videos of harvesting corn in any
          direction not following the rows.

       Demonstration of 20-foot wide corn head harvesting 12 inch

        rows of corn in any direction using a simple inexpensive

       modification to the corn head.

  • Innovative ideas for Successful Crop Production.
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