Our Mission is to show farmers how to make more net profit than they may have ever made before, and at the same time strive to farm better in regards to runoff and soil losses from both wind and water. Our use of 'Reverse-Tillage' and experimentation with 12 inch 'Solid-Seeded' corn hold the optimism that we can improve NET profits for both Organic and Conventional farmers by implementing some of our organic practices into their conventional operations reducing input costs while maintaining yields.
We are Farmer Viewpoint Based Research
The row crop test plot trials we have conducted over the past 4 years were done to seek answers to questions that we did not find in traditional research trials.
Our research has included population studies beginning in 2013 with the building of a 16 row 12 inch row spacing planter and a 12 inch row cultivating system using Flow-Shields in a certified Organic growing system.
Our Logic was, that if Conventional and Organic Farmers were successfully growing corn in 30 inch rows at a 6 inch spacing in the row,(34,848 Population) it made sense to us that if we narrowed the row width to 12 inch rows, and spaced the kernels 12 inches apart in the row, we could bump the population to 43,560 plants per acre and give each plant double the room to start growing better utilizing sunlight, nutrients and moisture. Wet weather in 2013 and mid-June planting on 20 year CRP ground produced inconclusive results, with successful portions of the field and failure of weed control in portions of the field. Yields varied from very poor to some over a 100 bushel/acre(yield monitor hit 140 for a short time a few times across the field and averaging half of that of low test weight corn) A 30ftx30ft garden sized hand planted high population plot of 43,560/ 51,840/ and 62,726 plants per acre yielded a glimpse of the possibilities for both yield and soil preservation with Ultra-Narrow row 'Solid-Seeded' corn. We also modified a 12 row-20 inch corn head to harvest row independent in any direction.
In the 2014 Growing Season we Hand-Planted a 'Population Plot' 50 feet x 190 feet . Row length was 50 feet with 160 rows side by side and 12-30 inch, 50 foot long rows next to the 12 inch rows (to eliminate 'Outside row effect' higher yields associated with some test plots). The 12 inch plot was divided into 10 plots,(from a low population of 27,511plants per acre to 52,272 plants per acre)16 rows each with 8 rows each of a 95day and 96day hybrid. the 12 row -30 inch( 6 inch spacing of 34,848 plants per acre) had 6 rows of each hybrid.(yield data will be added to a 'Test Plot' page under construction)
For 2015 we started a 'Row-A-Day' plot planting one row each day from the 1st of May 2015 through June 25th to track yield decrease (or increase/decrease from possible stages of the moon effect), test weight/moisture etc. This Row-A-Day plot was repeated in 2016 beginning May 5th through June 12th . Each ear was harvested and weighed individually.
We now have a large supply of Flow-Shields on inventory. Orders are shipped according to the order they are received.
If you have not received your order, please call and we will track your postal shipping number.
To order direct and/or for customer service call 608-606-0810
Crop plot data and field photos will soon be posted on the appropriate pages.
The photos at the bottom of this page are from the 2013 season.
'BEST of FARM SHOW' Magazine
(December 2014 issue) for 2015
(December 2016 issue) for 2017
FLOW-SHIELDS are featured as one of the best ideas of the year from their March 2014 issue.
Innovative Ideas For Successful Crop Production
Flow-Shields work equally well on cultivators for all row widths. Use one Flow-Shield on each cultivator shank for 38in,36in and 30in rows.
Adding a Flow-Shield to each of the cultivator shanks will break up any large clumps of soil dug up by each individual shank thereby reducing/eliminating the amount of dirt in the tank from picking up large chucks of dirt with the sicklebar while combining beans.
Only one Flow-Shield is required per row for ultra-narrow 20in,15in &12in rows using a single shank per row.(plus one extra Flow-Shield for the extra cultivator shank on the end.)
Flow-Shields cost only 10 dollars each. Determine whether you want to just use 2 per row for controlling the soil flow into the row for covering the weeds or you want to have a Flow-Shield on every shank in-between the rows to break up any larger dirt clumps in damper soils to reduce dirt in the combine for beans.
Flow-Shields can be ordered on the 'Products' page with any credit card.
You can now order direct (608-606-0810) any number of Flow-Shields you want using check or money order.
Add 18 dollars for Shipping and Handling for up to 37 Flow-Shields per box for the same flat rate.
Send check or money order to:
Profit Organics P.O. Box 141 Viroqua Wisconsin 54665
For any additional information on ordering, call 608-606-0810
We must ELIMINATE WEEDS
I have been to some organic meetings recently and the presenters have started using a new title for their presentation,.. 'Weed Management'
We do NOT want to 'Manage' weeds ..... we want to KILL THE WEEDS.
Weed control is EASY !!
I have been to so many organic meetings over the years hearing presenters at these meetings tell farmers how 'difficult' it is to transition to Organic and some of them 'Recommend' starting with a few acres at a time and taking several years to go fully organic.
It is easy to go 100% organic all in the first year, provided you know 'What To Do' / 'How To Do It' and 'When To Do It' . You must simply have the proper equipment, field ready when you need it and appropriate man power available when needed.
Too many Organic Farmers, ( myself included in years past) do an improper approach to land preparation, ( We now use the 'Reverse Tillage' approach) and then think they can play 'Catch Up Football' with the rotary hoe, tine weeders, LP gas Flame weeders, and/or cultivators. If you are attempting to Cultivate (or flame weed) foot tall corn with weeds as tall or nearly as tall,.... You may clean up the field and the corn LOOKS good, but you have likely destroyed many corn feeder roots, and cannot expect to have a high yield in addition to the stressed corn plant from the weed competition.
Total weed control begins with all soil pre-plant preparations, planting and follow-up pre-emerge rotary hoe/( optional tine weeder use when appropriate), post emerge rotary hoeing and cultivation.
Each of the website back pages will show you how you can have 'Perfect' or 'Near-Perfect' weed control after each rotary hoeing (pre-emergence and post-emergence) and 'Perfect' or 'Near Perfect' weed control after each cultivation.
Flow-Shields dramatically improve the performance of your cultivator by controlling the consistent flow of the soil into the row area and also allows you to greatly increase the typical cultivation speed.
Good, 'Acceptable' Organic weed control is when all our crops are so clean, that a neighbor or any other farmer driving by our fields, thinks we have a nice looking crop, and doesn't know that we are 'Organic'!
Additional photos and videos of cultivating with the Flow-Shields will be added to the cultivating page.
Scroll Down this page for Cultivating Photos
Learn how to easily control weeds in your crops by making one easy modification to your cultivator.
Total weed control success begins with the proper approach to tillage and rotary hoeing using the equipment you already have in the best 'sequence of use' and 'pattern of use'.
This is explained fully on the 'Tillage' page under 'Reverse Tillage'.
Instead of doing 'Primary Tillage'(plowing or chisel plowing) first and then 'Secondary Tillage'(disking or field cultivating) and 'Finishing'(dragging for a smooth seedbed)last, use the benefits of
Reverse Tillage destroys growing weeds or grass immediately and blends the previous years crop residue into the soil evenly for quick decomposition by the bacterial life in the soil.
Use the smallest tractor available and/or with the biggest tires or duals to reduce ground pressure per square inch on the soil surface.
The most effective Rotary hoeing is accomplished by driving at a 45 degree angle to the direction the rows were planted for the 1st rotary hoeing and the opposite 45 degree angle on the 2nd pass. This method GUARANTEES that you reduce the amount of weeds growing BETWEEN each corn or bean plant IN the row.
The 3rd pass hoeing at 2 inch plant height is recommended to drive approximately at a 20 degree angle to the row for the same benefit.
With an optional 4th pass hoeing you can drive at the opposite 20 degree angle(preferred on 20 inch or narrower row widths) or drive between the planted rows for the 4th pass on 30 inch and wider rows, giving 4 different direction of travel for the hoe tines to disturb the weeds.
It is also recommended to reverse the hoe wheels running them BACKWARDS to the typical method of use.
This prevents digging up any corn or bean seed and only disturbs the weed seeds and young weed root growth near the surface killing them. There is also more on this on the 'Rotary Hoe' Page.
|The soybeans here were neither tine weeded or rotary hoed. The Flow-Shields were set low on the shank and the beans were cultivated at a speed of about 4-5 MPH. The FASTER the dirt comes up into the Flow-Shield the FASTER it must exit, resulting in a thin consistent stream of dirt blown in under the soybean plants from each side similar to 'snow blown out from 2 snow blower spouts'.||The beans on the lower side of this field were flooded and thus silted over all of the small weeds leaving perfect clean beans, but the soil surface was as smooth as a concrete floor and hard enough that only a slight footprint design was left from walking on what felt like walking on a road. Cultivating fast(4-5MPH) using Flow-Shields broke up the soil into a nice mellow flat surface, eliminating any clumps that would have been big enough to remain as a dirt pile that would have ended up in the combine tank.|
Solutions to your weed control issues.
|The corn pictured in these 3 photos was tine weeded at about 50% emergence and because the rotary hoe was borrowed out for several days, the opportunity to rotary hoe was missed.|
|The FASTER you drive the better the Flow-Shields perform by shattering the dirt clumps coming up from the shovel under the Flow-Shield, directing the flow of dirt directly onto the weeds between the corn plants. The corn in these three photos was cultivated at about 5-6 MPH||The Flow-Shields on this 8 row 20-in cultivator were adjusted up on the shank to about 1/2 the height of the corn directing the flow and force of the soil towards the bottom part of the corn plant . The bottom part of the corn stalk can easily resist the force of the soil flow and the weeds and grass are knocked down flat and covered with dirt.|
For both conventional and organic farmers, Yield is ultimately determined by the success of your weed control program.
Equidistant 'Solid Seeded Corn' At any given desired plant population, equal distant spacing between all the plants holds the greatest possibilities for both Maximum Yield & Optimum Weed Control.
The pictures below are of 12 inch rows planted on 50 acres of Certified Organic corn that was rotary hoed one time prior to emergence and not cultivated.
A successful weed control program allows every farmer to achieve the maximum yield that available fertility, hybrid selection and population can deliver.
Three factors have a major impact on the yield in a weed free field.
Availability, of Water, Nutrients & Sunlight. Wider row widths crowd plants closer together forcing them to compete for each of these three things.
Narrower rows can double or more the distance between each plant accelerating early season growth establishing a strong viable plant for quick canopy and effective weed control.
12 inch row corn.
This part of the field was only rotary hoed one time 1 to 2 days pre-emergence under very wet soil conditions with the hoe wheels running backwards to the normal method of use. This prevents the spoons from digging out any kernels . This method of using the hoe wheels in reverse allows deeper soil penetration disturbing the soil surface destroying sprouting weed seeds with minimal or no corn kernel disturbance.
Planted June 20th 2013. Rotary Hoe time just prior to emergence, not cultivated. The 12 inch rows canopy quickly and shade out the weeds. This is certified Organic Corn.
This picture is the upper side of the field of the above picture. Same good results throughout the field.
|12 inch corn. This is the flat lower portion of the farm that was not rotary hoed pre-emergence. This part of the field was rotary hoed, one time after emergence at the second corn leaf stage and the weeds were about one inch tall. This area was cultivated one time at the 4-6 leaf stage using FLOW-SHIELDS on the cultivator shanks. The area that was left uncultivated had a few weeds but the corn quickly canopied slowing the small weeds growth to a standstill the same as when an oats crop canopies early and stops weed growth.|
Results from these test plots from 2013 and all test plots and field experiments for 2014 will be available to all subscribers to Profit Organics for the one time access price of only 25 Dollars.
Plans for 2014 are to replicate field size duplicate demonstration plots on both organic farms and conventional farms using each farmers different approach to fertility on the exact same hybrids.
Duplication of both experiments and demonstrations of what we have already learned will help each farmer to increase net profits after consideration of costs of production, for seed , fertility, and equipment costs .
Plant Density Research Plots. There are four experiments represented here. It was observed in the last days of July that the 12 inch corn in the field could possibly be planted at higher populations because of so much room between the plants. A decision was made to plant these test plots on August 3rd 2013 and erect a greenhouse over it to extend the growing season as long as possible. The question was , ' How much population is too much population?'
Research and Demonstration; By Farmers, For Farmers
Bulletin Board :
Location of Research and Demonstration farm.
Chenoweth Lane, Blair Wisconsin
1/2 mile south of the Rainbow Cafe on US Highway 53
Innovative Ideas for Successful Crop Production
Coming Soon: Website updates for the second week of 2016 Feb
- Photos of newly built 'Rotary Hoe Cultivator'
- Erosion control Chisel Plow design
- Organic 'No Till' planting system that allows for rotary hoe and cultivation for easy weed control.
- High/Medium/Low Population trials and variety yield trials.
- For your convenience Full website access is available by clicking on the 'Products' tab at the top of this page, and requesting full website access for a suggested donation of only 25 Dollars. Normal activation time is approximately 24 hrs.
- Access will be given for a donation of support of any amount by sending a check or money order together with your email address to:
- Profit Organics
- PO Box 141
- Viroqua Wi 54665
- To log onto all pages click onto any of the page tabs and enter the email you registered with and enter the easy to remember numerical password 67426427 (organics).